The ability to perform empirical observations and simulations to anticipate land use change, which has an impact on the ecological environment and species diversity, has emerged as a key concern. As the “third pole of the world,” the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is especially vulnerable to climate change. It has become a hub for international study due to its distinctive social and human processes and complicated physical landscape. The Tibetan Plateau’s changing land use has a big influence on the Tibetan Plateau, the areas around it, and the whole globe. It’s a big part of the ecological security barrier.
Based on shared socioeconomic paths (SSPs), this analysis forecasts land use changes on the Tibetan Plateau over the carbon peak (2021-2040), carbon neutral (2051-2070), and late 21st century (2081-2100). The Tibetan Plateau has around 14103, 349103, 1853103, 0.3103, and 235103km2 of arable land, forest land, grassland, urban land, and bare land, respectively, in the base period (1995–2014).
In the next three eras, there will be less grassland compared to the base period, but there will be more urban, forest, and barren terrain. Grassland will decline by 6.1 to 21.7% by the end of the twenty first century, while woodlands will have the highest area gains, rising by roughly 21.2 to 72.8%.